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Role of the NIC Agencies

The Office of National Intelligence (ONI)

produces all-source intelligence assessments on international political, strategic and economic developments for the Prime Minister, other senior government members and department officials. ONI also collects and analyses open source intelligence within the ONI Open Source Centre, and is responsible for coordinating and evaluating Australia's foreign intelligence activities (managing the intelligence enterprise) to ensure the NIC meets the intelligence needs of government.

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The Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO)

is Australia's security service. It collects and assesses intelligence on security threats to Australians and Australian interests at home and overseas. ASIO provides security assessments and protective security advice to government.

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The Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIS)

obtains and distributes secret intelligence from human sources about the capabilities, intentions and activities of individuals or organisations outside Australia, which may impact Australia's interests and the well-being of its citizens. ASIS also undertakes counter-intelligence activities which protect Australia's national security, foreign relations and national economic well-being.

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The Australian Signals Directorate (ASD)

defends Australia from global threats and advances our national interests through the provision of foreign signals intelligence (SIGINT), cyber security and offensive cyber operations as directed by the Australian Government. This work includes including supporting Australian Defence Force operations, law enforcement and criminal intelligence activity against cyber criminals, and responding to serious cyber incidents against Australian networks.

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The Australian Geospatial Intelligence Organisation (AGO)

collects and analyses geospatial and imagery intelligence in support of Australia’s defence and national interests. Geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) is intelligence derived from the exploitation and analysis of imagery and geospatial information about features and events, with reference to space and time.

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The Defence Intelligence Organisation (DIO)

is the Department of Defence's all-source intelligence assessment agency. DIO produces timely and independent intelligence assessments on countries and foreign organisations relevant to Australia's security and strategic environment. This includes military capabilities, weapons systems, cyber threats and defence-related technologies.

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The Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission

is Australia's national criminal intelligence agency. The ACIC works with law enforcement partners — including state and territory, national and international partners — on investigations and collects intelligence to improve the national ability to respond to crime impacting Australia.

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The Australian Federal Police (AFP)

is Australia's national law enforcement organisation, with an investigative and operational focus on counter-terrorism; national and transnational crime; and national security. AFP's intelligence functions aim to provide a single picture of the criminal threats relevant to AFP activities, enabling investigators to anticipate, prevent, disrupt and detect criminal activity.

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The Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre

is Australia's financial intelligence agency with regulatory responsibility for anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financing. AUSTRAC is Australia's primary source for financial intelligence used to fight serious and organised crime, terrorism financing and money laundering.

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The Department of Home Affairs

portfolio brings together Australia's federal law enforcement, national and transport security, criminal justice, emergency management, multicultural affairs and immigration, and border-related functions and agencies. Home Affairs' intelligence functions supports strategic and operational decision-making around resource allocation and countering border threats.

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